CATEGORY / Masonry

Tips on Building Retaining Walls

A retaining wall is what it sounds like – a wall that keeps the earth or other material from sliding away or eroding.Retaining walls are usually used around sloped areas, drainage areas or steps and are usually set on the top of a foundation or built to straddle a banked area of land. In other words, its main purpose would be to keep a sediment from flowing up and out of a sloping landscape design to prevent erosion, flooding, and wind damage. Also, the walls act to block drainage that would otherwise cause erosion.

Retaining walls are common structures in the United States, and they do have a long history of use throughout the country. In the United States, they were originally used to keep the northern lands from being submerged by the eroding of hillsides. In other parts of the world, they are used as a sort of buffer or clarification in the case of wide ranges of terrains or plateaus which would otherwise make the land too dangerous to build upon. A hill which is an impacting type has the greatest potential for erosion because there usually happens to be a lot of strain on the earth from heating and cooling. 

Building construction for retaining walls should follow the same rules and guidelines that would be set for any other construction. It is common to use the base of a hill as the site of the retaining wall which can work well. The most important factor is elevations. The material used to build the retaining wall is sometimes the same material that is used to make foundations, in most cases is masonry block or concrete. Decorative or colored stone can also be used. This material can also be custom shaped to fit around any obstacles that may be in the direct line of the build. Once the retaining wall is in place, it can be worked on by hand or machinery. A pressure washer can help get rid of very large dirt and debris that may be very compact. Power tools used for retaining walls can aid in the cuts needed for sections that have curves to them when using manufactured stones. Retaining walls are a great addition to any landscaped yard and they can prolong the life of the yard when done right.

Different types of masonry walls

The strength and sturdiness of walls during a home are perhaps the foremost important aspect of its structural integrity. Residential masonry construction projects must take this into consideration to confirm a structure’s stability for years to return. Using materials like granite, bricks, stones, and concrete blocks adds to the sturdiness of a wall. Here are five sorts of walls that are frequently employed in homes.

Brick wall
  1. Load Bearing

For this kind of wall, stones, concrete, or cement blocks are usually the well-liked options. Load bearing walls carry the load that’s transferred from the rooftop to the muse. they’re also ideal for both exterior and interior use. many folks prefer these walls to those which feature framed structures because they’re often more economical. The mandatory thickness of the wall depends on the number of rooftop load. For instance, buildings with two or more floors will typically have thicker load-bearing walls.

  1. Reinforced

For those living in areas that are liable to harsh weather, reinforced walls are a perfect option. they’re not liable to cracking, which may be caused by external pressure. Reinforcement is sometimes placed within the walls in vertical and horizontal positions at specific intervals to confirm added strength. The number of reinforcement might also depend upon the number of support the wall must give.

  1. Composite

These walls usually use two or more materials. for instance, they will contain hollow bricks together with standard bricks or stones. These walls are economical and lend a novel appearance to the building. Next, materials are glued together, and the pieces are connected using metal ties. Horizontal joints might also be accustomed ensure optimal reinforcement.

  1. Hollow

In residential masonry, hollow walls could also be accustomed prevent moisture from reaching the inside of the house. This works by creating an area between the inside and exterior wall. The space prevents heat from penetrating to the inside, making these options ideal for homeowners who want to regulate inside temperature. the outside face may have features called “weep holes” to empty water that will cause a buildup of moisture within the space. A water-repellant coating or damp proofing could also be applied to the structure to forestall possible water damage.

  1. Post-Tension

Post-tension walls are designed to resist extreme weather events, like earthquakes and tornadoes. They will be tensioned and anchored to a steel support structure at the highest after they need cured to confirm maximum strength.

It is advisable for homeowners to figure with knowledgeable residential masonry contractor to confirm a successful project. Like many construction projects, the strength and sturdiness of the finished product depend upon the kind of materials used and therefore the purpose of the structure.